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2016年12月大学英语六级翻译话题预测:戏剧

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来源:网络  更新时间:2016-11-28    相关内容 今天学啥

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  脸谱(facial makeup)是指中国传统戏剧京剧里男演员脸部的彩色化妆。 它在色彩、形式和类型上有一定的格式。脸谱运用红色、黄色、白色、黑色、紫色、绿色和银色代表不同的人物性格。各角色的脸谱由油漆、粉和油彩画成,基 本形式是整脸、三块瓦脸(San Kuai Wa Lian)和碎脸。这些脸谱类型被广泛用于代 表将军、官员、英雄、神灵和鬼魅。通过眼睛和鼻子周围形状各异的白色小块, 可以辨别出丑角(Chou actors)。有时这些小块以黑色勾勒,常称小花脸。

  参考译文:

  Facial makeup refers to the colorful painting on theface of the actors in Peking Opera, which is atraditional Chinese opera. It has certain format interms of color,design and type.Red,yellow,white,black,purple,green and silverare the main colors used for facial makeup to represent different characters. The facial designsfor the roles are made by painting, powdering and coloring in the basic forms of ZhengLzan(keeping the basic face pattern),San Kuai Wa Lian(three-section face) and SuiLian(fragmentary face).These types are widely used to represent generals,officials,heroes,gods and ghosts. The Chou (clown) actors can be recognized by the patch of white in variousshapes painted around the eyes and nose. Sometimes these patches are outlined in black, oftencalled Xiao Hua Lian(partly painted face).

  1.脸部的彩色化妆:可译为the colorful painting on theface。

  2.在色彩、形式和类型上:可用词组in terms of表达,译为in terms of color,design and type。

  3.整脸、三块瓦脸和碎脸:整脸是最原始的脸谱形式,利用双眉把脸分为额 和面两个部分的脸谱;三块瓦脸是在整脸的基础上再利用口鼻把面部分为左右的脸谱;碎脸是三块瓦脸的变种,其分界边缘花形极大,破坏了原有的轮廓。这里可先音译成汉语拼音,再在括号内加以解释说明。

  4.形状各异的:即不同形状的,可译为in various shapes或in different shapes。

  5.丑角:翻译为Chou actors,同样地,括号内可以加注解(Clown)。

  6.勾勒:翻译为outline。

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