Leonard da Vinci was a painter, a sculptor, an architect, a musician, an engineer, and a scientist. He was a man of many talents, a Renaissance man1 in the true sense of the word.
Leonard was born at a small town near Florence, where he was apprenticed to2 a painter. But he soon surpassed his masters in uniting precision of line with rhythm of movement, and in finding new ways to show light and shade.
Although Leonard is generally known as a painter, his actual output was very small. In fact today only about twelve paintings are looked upon as3 having been done by him. This is because his diverse interest, his far-ranging curiosity in nature and his endless scientific experiments and designings. To understand the man one has therefore , to read the 5, 000 notebooks in which he put down his observations in life and his sketch4 drawings.
Nevertheless, Leonard had profound understandings of art, which exerted5 great influence among the painters of his own generation and generations to follow. In painting he stressed the expression of emotional states, which , to him were, the heart of painting:
A good painter has two chief objects to paint man and the intention of his soul. The former is easy, the latter hard, for it must be expressed by gestures and the movement of the limbs . .. A painting will only be wonderful for the beholder by making that which is not so raised and detached from the wall.
His major works: Last Supper, many European art masters have painted on the same subject. But none of their versions has been as impressive as da Vincis. And none has the enduring value in the art world as his.
Mona Lisa, if Last Supper is the most famous of religious pictures, then Mona Lisa probably is the worlds most famous portrait. Mona Lisa had as its model wife of a banker. The quietly folded hands, the gaze that is directed at the observer, the ambiguity of thesmiletogether help to create a curious effect and a secret effect.
Ⅰ. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words :
Leonard da Vinci is first known as a________ , and he is also a________ , an________ , a ________ , an________ , and a ________ . The amount of da Vincis paintings is very small. There are only about________ paintings. For da Vinci, a good painter has two chief objects to paint ________ and the ________ of his soul. In his famous work Mona Lisa , the quietly________ hands, the________ that is directed at the observer, the ambiguity of the ________ together help to create a curious effect and a secret effect.
Ⅱ. Question :
What are da Vincis famous paintings?
Ⅰ. painter / sculptor / architect / musician / engineer / scientist / 12 / man / intention / folded / gaze / smile Ⅱ. Last Supper and Mona Lisa .
列奥纳多 达 芬奇是一位画家、一位雕刻家、一位建筑师、一位音乐家、一位工程师 和一位科学家。他多才多艺, 是一位真正的文艺复兴新人。
列奥纳多出生在佛罗伦萨附近的一个小城镇上, 从小给一位画家当学徒。但是, 很快 他就超越了老师。他将清晰的线条与绘画的动态感和谐地结合在一起, 找到了显示光与影 的新方式。
虽然通常列奥纳多是作为画家而闻名, 可他的画作数量并不多。事实上, 今天也只有 12 幅画被认为是他的作品。之所以这样, 是因为他兴趣广泛, 对自然界充满好奇, 还做了 无穷无尽的科学实验及设计。因此, 要了解这个人, 就必须去读那5 000 份笔记。在那些 笔记中, 达 芬奇记录了他在生活中的观察结果与许多素描。
尽管如此, 列奥纳多对艺术还是有着深刻的理解。这对与他同时代的人及后人都有着深 远的影响。在绘画方面, 他强调对人物情感的传达。对他而言, 这是衡量绘画优秀与否 的灵魂所在:
优秀的画家有两大目标 画人和画魂。前者易而后者难, 因为后者必须通过人物姿 态及肢体语言来表达一幅挂在墙上的画, 只有给人以呼之欲出之感, 才算得上是杰作。 他的主要作品有:
《最后的晚餐》, 许多欧洲艺术大师都作了同样的画。但是, 没有一幅能像达 芬奇的 那样给人留下深刻印象; 也没有哪幅作品能像达 芬奇的那样在艺术界拥有持久的价值。
《蒙娜丽莎》, 如果说《最后的晚餐》是最有名的宗教画, 那么《蒙娜丽莎》则算得上世界 上最著名的肖像画。 《蒙娜丽莎》以一位银行家的妻子为模特。她娴静地搭在一起的双手, 凝视着欣赏者 的双眼以及那含义不甚明了的 微笑, 共同创造出一种奇特而神秘的效果。